Skin Care Regimen for 40s
Skin care regimen during your 40s aims to reduce the signs of aging skin and to prevent the formation of new ones. Changes in hormone levels in your 40s lead to a decline in the synthesis of collagen and elastin. This decline results in deeper and more wrinkles as well as sagging skin. Hormonal changes also decrease the production of sebum, causing dryness. Skin’s cell turnover also slows down, leading to dull skin.
Motion wrinkles in the area where facial movements create folds are also common in 40s.
A mild and creamy cleanser should be used to avoid making the problem of dry skin worse. Also, you should not use astringent skin care products. You can use a mild AHA or salicylic acid once a day if you can tolerate one.
Treat Skin problems
To smooth skin texture, reduce the appearance of wrinkles, and get glowing skin, you should consider retinoids. Retinoids (vitamin A derivatives) boost collagen production, increase cell turnover, and fade dark spots. They are also used to treat adult acne. To use retinoids for wrinkles and aging skin, you need to start applying a retinoid such as retin A less often in the first two weeks to avoid redness and peeling. After your skin adjusts to the product, you can use it more often and build up to daily use.
If you have age spots, uneven skin tone, and blotchiness, you should use hydroquinone. It inhibits the production of melanin. Use hydroquinone only for three months. Then, maintain results with a skin lightening product that contains kojic acid or licorice extract.
Look for moisturizers that contain humectant ingredients such as glycerin, Hyaluronic acid, honey, aloe vera, and urea. Humectants prevent loss of moisture from the skin and draw moisture in so they are a powerful agent to treat dry and dehydrated skin.
You may consider a cream that helps increase collagen. Although a collagen cream does not work as collagen is too large to penetrate the skin, a cream that contain ingredients such as Coenzyme Q10 to can help stimulate natural collagen production.
If you are not using retinoids, you should apply retinol-based creams. Such creams slowly increase collagen production, exfoliate the outer layer of the skin, and stimulate cell turnover while causing less irritation than retinoids.
Eye cream is a must for people in 40s because they tend to have wrinkles and dry skin around eyes. An eye cream helps hydrate the skin, reduce the appearance of wrinkles, and treat puffy eyes.
Once you’ve built up to a daily use of retinoid, you can start applying an exfoliant that contains alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) once a week. A skin exfoliation stimulates cell renewal in different ways from retinoids so you can get more benefits from both.
You need to use a board spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of at least 15 every morning. During 40s, your skin is thinner and more sensitive to the sun. In addition, age spots usually start becoming more visible when you are in 40s.