Several factors cause enlarged pores. Learn what causes enlarged pores and what treatments can minimize the appearance of enlarged pores.
What are Pores?
Skin pores are the port in the skin from which hair grows and the skin’s natural oil is released onto the skin.
Causes of Enlarged Pores
- Skin type: People with oily skin tend to have enlarged pores because excessive oil can collect around the pores, causing the pores to appear enlarged.
- Improper skin care: If you don’t remove your makeup in the evening, don’t cleanse your face, and don’t exfoliate your skin regularly, you are more likely to have enlarged pores. When pores are clogged by dead skin cells, dirt, and bacteria, oils within the pores will accumulate, causing the pores to appear enlarged.
- Puberty: During puberty the skin produces more oils. Pores have to enlarge to release oils.
- Age:. As you get older, the skin loses elasticity. This can cause pores to dilate.
- Sun damage: The sun weakens skin’s collagen and elastin. When the skin loses elasticity, the walls of pores sag.
- Blackheads: Blackheads are the skin’s natural oils that have not been allowed to drain to the skin’s surface. These oils are blocked by skin cells which have not been properly shed. When the oils at the skin surface are in contact with air, oxidation occurs and turns the outer most portion to black.
Enlarged Pores Treatments
There is no solution to reduce the size of your pores permanently. However, there are many treatments and procedures that can minimize their appearance.
- Remove your makeup in the evening and cleanse your face twice a day to remove dirt, oils, and makeup which can clog your pores.
- Exfoliate. Too much oil and dead skin cells can collect around the edges of pores, making the pores look larger than their actual size. Exfoliation helps remove excessive oil and dead skin cells. Enlarged pored home remedy is an alternative way to make your large pores look smaller.
- Use topical vitamin A such as Retin A, Renova, Avage, and Tretinoin. Topical vitamin A unclogs pores by loosening blackheads and speeding up cell turnover.
Retinol is an over-the-counter form of topical vitamin A. It reduces pore visibility and improve skin texture.
- Use AHA & BHA. AHAs and BHAs exfoliate the skin and unclog pores. They also stimulate the production of collagen and elastin.
- Avoid the sun and apply sunscreen every morning
- Get in-office procedures. Procedures that minimize the appearance of enlarged pores are
- Microdermabrasion loosens the dead skin cells that clog the pores and rejuvenates the skin. It also reduces wrinkles, fine lines, acne scars, and dark spots.
- Chemical peels penetrate deeply into the skin and remove the damaged layers of the skin.
- Laser resurfacing tightens skin on the face and stimulates collagen and elastin rebuilding.