Nearly 30 percent of women and 20 percent of men over the age of 20 suffer from adult acne. Adult acne can either follow a person from puberty into adulthood or develop in a person who has never had acne for years.
Basically, acne is caused by excessive oils and dead skin cells. When excessive oils which are produced by sebaceous glands combine with dead skin cells, the mixture clogs in your follicles. This causes blackheads and whiteheads to form. If the mixture traps acne bacteria, the blackheads and whiteheads are inflamed and become more severe blemishes.
Unlike acne in your teen years, adult acne can appear on normal skin, combination skin, and even dry skin. Thus, the causes of acne are not only factors that associate with oil production but also other factors that clog your follicles.
Many contributing factors that cause adult acne include
– Hormonal imbalance: An excess of male hormones called Androgens which can be found in both men and women stimulates the sebaceous glands to produce extra oils. During a monthly menstruation cycle, the level of androgens increases, triggering oil production. This causes many women to have increased acne and oil the week before their periods.
Adult acne also develops during pregnancy and menopause when hormones fluctuate.
– Stress: Stress is associated with the levels of Androgens. Androgens may be increase if you are under stress.
– Cosmetics: Cosmetics, moisturizers, and cleansers containing heavy oils such as lanolin or mineral oil add extra oils to your skin and can clog the pores.
– Medications: Some people break out after starting taking a pill high in androgen or discontinuing a pill high estrogen. Also, medicines that contain lithium, iodine, isoniazi, rifampin, and some anti-epileptic medications can cause adult acne.
How to Get Rid of Adult Acne?
– Clear your skin with regimen for adult acne
- Remove all makeup from your face when not needed.
- Use a gentle cleanser. Too harsh cleansers can trigger sebaceous glands to produce more oils, irritate the skin, and make the acne problem worse.
- Apply 2.5% Benzoyl Peroxide or a topical retinoid. Benzoyl Peroxide and retinoids are peeling agents that can remove excessive oils and loosen dead skin cells from the skin. Many studies have shown that 2.5% Benzoyl Peroxide is just as effective as 5% or 10% but much less irritating.
- Apply and oil-free moisturizer. Since the peeling agents make your skin dry, you need to moisturize your skin.
- Use a complete acne treatment system such as Proactive Solution 3-step System or Murad Acne Complex.
– Take 50 to 100 mg of vitamin B6 a day to control outbreaks by regulating hormone levels. If your acne problem is caused by hormonal imbalance, take ance supplements such as vitamin E and zinc.
– Perform skin detox on a regular basis.
– Take medications that block androgen production such as oral birth control pills if your adult acne flares up as a PMS symptom.
– Use oil-free or non-comedogenic cosmetics and skin care products instead of oil-based ones.
– Consult a dermatologist if you have moderate or severe acne because acne scars can develop.